Fifth International Conference “Hierarchy and Power in the History of Civilizations”. June 2009, Moscow, Russia.

Panel XXIV "The newcomers and old-timers: intercultural communication, social transformations and migration policy"

Author: Sergey Serov

Abstract

Factors of interrelations between Africans in Moscow

The goal of the research is to find out how African migrants residing in Moscow form up their interrelations and the factors that influence these relations. As the number of migrants from African countries in Moscow is growing and the process of diasporas formation and development is intensifying, it is really necessary to find out not only the ways the Africans are interrelated with the Russian society but also with each other.

Above all, understanding of the nature and specific features of these interrelations can increase our ability to predict the Moscow African migrants’ behavior. The most significant factors are as follows: country of origin, ethnic origin, religion.

As a priori not so strong and more situational factors we pick out education level, degree of social and cultural adaptation, intensity of contacts with the native country, duration of stay abroad. A comparison of this conclusion with the evidence from African diasporas in other European countries is also necessary.

The influence of social, cultural, political, and economic processes in currently taking place in Africa on the interrelations between Africans in Moscow is a special task that has academic significance of its own. So, the evidence from the field social anthropological research are combined with the sources on African diasporas in other European countries and on current situation and processes of different sorts in Africa.

The classical social anthropological methods: observation, questionnaire interrogation, interview, were used for collecting the data on Africans in Moscow. The general target was the first generation migrants, i.e. those people who were born in African countries and then came to Russia and resided in Moscow. The selection target was formed basing mainly on the degree of the evidence accessibility, the difficulties of its getting being acknowledged.